The Master of Science in Exercise Science program is designed to advance the skills and knowledge of current and future exercise science professionals. Utilizing a combination of theoretical inquiry and practical application, students gain insight regarding exercise testing and prescription, within diverse populations.
The variability of BMR among people with similar characteristics is generally small. While people can have “gland problems” (thyroid, adrenal) that affect BMR and “fluid problems” (heart failure, kidney failure) that falsely elevate true body weight, these generally do not affect the BMR that much. We will address these issues more directly in a future post. We have included a calculator below that you can play with to see how the different variables affect the BMR. One thing to note is that the formula is not as useful for people who are at extremes in the population, such as someone who is very muscular or very tall and in those cases, there are better ways to determine BMR. In the next post we will explore how you can use BMR and knowledge about food types in order to plan for and monitor your diet and exercise routines as we continue to explore the science of exercise. Check out this article on our site about as a primer.
The capstone option provides the exercise science professional with the opportunity to synthesize the learning, which has taken place throughout the program. It further focuses upon the practical application of knowledge within the exercise science industry. The capstone will serve as an assessment of student learning within the Master of Science in Exercise Science program.
When discussing the science of exercise, metabolic rate, and weight loss, it helps to consider the basic laws of physics, including the laws of conservation of mass and conservation of energy. In their simplest forms, these laws state that total amount of energy and mass in a closed system must remain constant. The energy and mass can be converted from one form to another, but they must remain constant unless they are removed from or added to the system. So if you apply these basic laws to our body, we confirm our common sense notions about weight loss: in order to lose weight, we must add less calories of food to our body than the calories our body uses on a daily basis, such that we have a calorie deficit. There are 3 ways to achieve a calorie deficit: (1) eat less food so we take in less calories than our body uses, (2) increase our activity level so we require more calories than we take in, or (3) eat less food and exercise simultaneously. In fact, it is important to note that diet and exercise are synergistic, meaning that the combined effects of simultaneous diet and exercise are greater than simply adding their effects together if they had been done separately. However, in reality, diet and exercise as a means to lose weight are not always that simple for people because the human body likes to maintain stability. We will discuss these stabilizing mechanisms in a future science of exercise post.