Another type of balance exercise equipment that offers exercisers a range of options is the balance board. The balance board is an elliptical platform perched upon four legs a few inches off the floor that can be adjusted for increased or decreased stability. It is mostly intended to be stood upon while performing exercises with dumbbells or tubing, but it can also be used for like lunges and push-ups. The difficulty level of the balance board is relatively low.
Slightly more challenging to one’s stability is a type of balance exercise equipment known as the balance disk or cushion. Typically sold in pairs, the balance disk is an inflatable cushion roughly the size of a dinner plate that is intended to be stood upon, one foot on each, while performing squats and various , barbell, or cable exercises. It offers users less variety than the previous three forms of equipment and, as it is considered more difficult to stand upon than the balance board, may not be recommended for novice exercisers.
The piece of balance exercise equipment that offers users the most variety is the , which, because it can roll around, creates an unstable environment in which to perform exercises. Available in several sizes to correspond with the exerciser’s height, the stability ball is an inflatable rubber ball that averages about 21.6 inches (55 cm) in diameter. With exercise options for impaired, novice, and advanced exercisers alike, one can use the ball to increase the challenge on core muscles by sitting on, leaning against, lying on top of, propping one’s feet on, or even kneeling on the ball. Unlike the other forms of balance equipment, the stability ball can also be used to perform stretches.
There are several types of balance exercise equipment available through fitness retailers for health club or home use. These can be purchased via websites as well as in sporting-goods stores. Options include but are not limited to inflatable stability balls, the , wobble and balance boards, and balance disks, with each type of balance exercise equipment offering a different challenge and degree of difficulty. This equipment is intended to be incorporated into one’s fitness routine to work the body's , which include the muscles of the abdominals, low back, hips, and .
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